Gardening and Construction Tools.
When moving out bush with a view to long term living you need to have some idea in your head as to the type of area you are looking for. You will need permanent water if possible, a creek or a river. This may also supply reeds for shelter construction & other items. A cave would make a great shelter or even a rock shelter, but if these are not available at your water source then you will have to construct shelters.
These types of tools are generally bulky & heavy, but they can also double as weapons if you have people to carry them. Helves, handles & stails can be removed from the heads & the heads can be carried in a pack if this is easier than carrying the complete tool. Think carefully about the tools you will need. In a long term wilderness living situation you will need to produce gardens & construct shelters.
Here is a list of tools that I have collected for this purpose:
· Felling axe
· Small shovel
· Small mattock/pick
· Sickle or sword
· Pruning saw
This is what we call Cattail Pond. It is large & deep & is fed from a header stream. Cattails/Cumbungi provide food & materials for roofing, mat making, mulch for gardens & arrow shafts.
This is a small mattock/pick head made to be used with a short helve for one handed use. But you can make & fit a longer helve (handle).
Full sized 18th century style garden hoe.
Large auger for cutting holes & hammering in wooden pegs for securing beams together or just installing pegs.
An original 18th or 19th century pick.
Pruning saw. These are very efficient for cutting off tree limbs & for construction work. Easily carried if you construct a sheath, or just wrap & place in a pack.
18th century sickle for cutting reeds.
This is a small shovel head that I can easily carry in my pack & make & fit a handle when I reach my destination.
My hunting sword. A weapon & a useful tool for cutting reeds.
Left to right: My felling axe with a light head & a straight helve; two fascine knives or bill hooks; an adze; my half-axe which I occasionally carry tied to my pack, & my tomahawk which I carry in my belt at all times.
These are a small auger & gimlet that I made from two brace bits.
Above you can see how I hammered the ends with a ball peen hammer to secure the bits in the handles that I made.
Two original gimlets. In the 18th century these were used to make holes for nails so that the nails would not split the wood. Later they were still in use for making holes for wood screws. These can also be used to make holes for wooden pegs or for inserting wire for repairs or construction.
You will need to take seeds with you so now is probably a good time to be collecting them. If they go out of date before use, replace them. You should have some idea of the area you will be travelling to, so purchase seeds for that climate. Following is a list of what we grow in the New England area:
· Zucchini marrow
· Jerusalem Artichokes
You will never starve if you are growing Jerusalem Artichokes. These are a root crop which last through winter & continue to grow when warmer weather comes. They are related to the sunflower .
Jerusalem Artichoke tubers
This image showing my half-axe secured to my blanket roll by simply sliding the helve under the ties. I can carry the large auger in the same manner.